1912.89.50

Iron sickle blade with serrated edge.

Place details: AFRICA. Egypt / [Nubia] Faras. Cultural Group: Nubian: Local Name: Unknown. Materials: Iron Metal / ?. Processes: ?. Dimensions: Max L = 167 mm W = 73 mm D = 22 mm Field Collector: Francis Llewellyn Griffith When Collected: 1911- 1912 Other Owners: Francis Llewellyn Griffith excavated during the Oxford Excavations in Nubia PRM Source: Francis Llewellyn Griffith Acquired: Purchased 1912 Other Numbers: 1912.ß.319

KEYWORD: Sickle / Agricultural Tool / CLASS: Tool / Agriculture and Horticulture / ?.

Object description: Iron sickle blade with serrated edge. The blade is curved and serrated on the inside edge. The handle end has a perforation and cross piece of iron. [MJD (Verve) 20/6/2016]

Research notes: This object was chosen to feature in a trail around the Pitt Rivers Museum in association with the Museum of English Rural Life on Farming The First 12,000 years (https://merl.reading.ac.uk/explore/online-exhibitions/farming12k/). It featured in a pamphlet with the caption "Sickle blades. Use of curved handtools for harvesting crops predates the earliest farming. The first sickles hand flint blades but they later employed metal. Similar objects are found around the world. In the UK they were common until the nineteenth century when scythes and mechanised reapers took over. These examples include a Neolithic example found in 1937 in Jutland, Denmark, and another excavated in 1911 in Faras, Lower Nubia, Egypt. Faras was later flooded by the Aswan Dam, a project based largely on the need for irrigation for farming." [FB 5/1/2021]