1937.12.10

Flint sickle, crescent shaped, all surfaces flaked, dark brown colour. [MJD (Verve) 25/7/2016]

Place details: EUROPE. Denmark / Jutland. Local Name: Unknown. Materials: Flint Stone / ?. Processes: Flaked / ?. Dimensions: Max L = 105 mm Max W = 31 mm Max Th = 10 mm Field Collector: Frederick Metcalfe When Collected: By 1937 Other Owners: Miss Metcalfe PRM Source: Miss Metcalfe Acquired: Donated 1937

KEYWORD: Sickle / Agricultural Tool / CLASS: Tool / Agriculture and Horticulture / ?.

Research notes: This object was chosen to feature in a trail around the Pitt Rivers Museum in association with the Museum of English Rural Life on Farming The First 12,000 years (https://merl.reading.ac.uk/explore/online-exhibitions/farming12k/). It featured in a pamphlet with the caption "Sickle blades. Use of curved handtools for harvesting crops predates the earliest farming. The first sickles hand flint blades but they later employed metal. Similar objects are found around the world. In the UK they were common until the nineteenth century when scythes and mechanised reapers took over. These examples include a Neolithic example found in 1937 in Jutland, Denmark, and another excavated in 1911 in Faras, Lower Nubia, Egypt. Faras was later flooded by the Aswan Dam, a project based largely on the need for irrigation for farming." [FB 5/1/2021]