Perforated pear-shaped bone pendant. [SM (Verve) 17/3/2016]

Place details: ASIA. Israel / Mount Carmel Mugharet el Kebarah. Cultural Group: Natufian: Local Name: Unknown. Materials: Bone / ?. Processes: Perforated / Ground / ?. Dimensions: Max L = 21 mm Max W = 9 mm Max D = 3 mm Field Collector: Francis Turville-Petre When Collected: 1931 PRM Source: British School of Archaeology, Jerusalem Acquired: Donated 1932

KEYWORD: Pendant / CLASS: Ornament / ?.

Publications history, trails & websites: Featured in Out in Oxford: An LGBTQ+ Trail of the University of Oxford's Collections. Part of 'Celebrating Diversity' a project funded by Arts Council England via the Oxford University Museums Partnership and created with the LGBTQ+ community. [NC 16/02/2017]

See booklet Out in Oxford: An : An LGBTQ+ Trail of the University of Oxford's Collections (published by University of Oxford) [in RDF with printout of webpage http://www.glam.ox.ac.uk/outinoxford-prm]: These pendants were excavated by Francis Turville-Petre in 1931. Turville-Petre (1901-1941) was an openly gay archaeologist who campaigned for more tolerant attitudes towards homosexuality and reform of the laws banning sex between men. He attended the 1928 Congress of the World League for Sexual Reform in Copenhagen, and between 1928 and 1931 stayed at the renowned Institute of Sexual Research in Berlin, run by the doctor and sexologist Magnus Hirschfield. Turville-Petre was also an active member of Hirschfield’s Scientific Humanitarian Committee, whose motto (Per Scientiam ad Justitiam or ‘Justice Through Science’) expressed its desire to use research and science to end discrimination against LGBTQ+ people. While in Berlin, Turville-Petre socialised with other gay intellectuals, including Christopher Isherwood and WH Auden. One of Auden’s lost plays, The Fronny (1930), was inspired by Turville-Petre, who was known as ‘Fronny’ because his German lovers were unable to pronounce the name ‘Francis’ (by Martha Robinson Rhodes).[NC 16/02/2017]

Turville-Petre, F. 1932. Excavations in the Mugharet El-Kebarah The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 62, 271-76. [AS 04/01/2010]