1937.44.17

Fragment of rush matting

Place details: N AMERICA. United States of America / Southern USA Texas Brewster County Bee Cave Canyon. Local Name: Unknown. Materials: Plant Fibre / ?. Processes: Chequer Plaited / Basketry / ?. Dimensions: Max L = 178 mm Max W [frame] = 178 mm Field Collector: ?Louis Colville Gray Clarke Edwin Coffin When Collected: By 1937 Other Owners: Louis Colville Gray Clarke PRM Source: Louis Colville Gray Clarke Acquired: Donated 1937

KEYWORD: Mat / Specimen / CLASS: Furniture Dwelling / Basketry / Specimen / ?.

Object description: Fragment of chequer plaiting: a corner fragment. [LM]

Publications history, trails & websites: Illustrated in black and white as figure 84 on page 79 of Basketmakers Meaning and Form in Native American Baskets, edited by Linda Mowat, Howard Morphy and Penny Dransart (Oxford: Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford, Mongraph 5, 1992). Caption reads: ‘USA, Texas, Brewster County, Ber Cave Canyon, Anasazi. Corner fragment of chequer plaited matting. 145 x 110 mm. Donated by L.C.G. Clarke. 1937.44.17’ [MJD 18/01/2013]

Coffin, Edwin F. 1932 Archaeological Exploration of a Rock Shelter in Brewster County, Texas. Monograph No. 48, Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, New York. See http://www.texasbeyondhistory.net/trans-p/images/ap6.html. [AS 23/04/2008]

Research notes: There are 61 other artefacts from this site in Cambridge's Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, accessioned there also in 1937.

I can find no reference to a Ber Cave Canyon in Brewster Co. but there is a Bee Cave Canyon in Brewster Texas that was excavated between 1928 and 1929 by the Museum of the American Indian in conjunction with the University of Cambridge where Louis Colville Gray Clarke was director of the Fitzwilliam from 1937. This site also yielded a considerable amount of perishable materials, which is also a major part of the material from Brewster County that Clarke sent to the PRM. It is likely therefore that the site should be Bee Cave Not Ber Cave. [AS 22/04/2009].