1950.3.1 B

Ground stone mortar (metate) in the form of a jaguar [SM (Verve) 24/06/2015]

Place details: M AMERICA. Panama / Chiriqui Province (Guetar Area). Cultural Group: Guaymí: Local Name: Metate Materials: Stone / ?. Processes: Carved / Hollowed / Ground / ?. Weight: 1240 g Dimensions: Max L = 260 mm Max H [approx] = 90 mm Max W = 147 mm Field Collector: ?Turner When Collected: By 1950 PRM Source: Miss E.A. Turner Acquired: Purchased 1950

KEYWORD: Animal Figure / Mortar / Food Accessory / CLASS: Food and Drink / Trade? / Figure / Tool / ?.

Object description: Metate of volcanic rock in form of jaguar. The metate has four legs and the tail is attached to right hind leg. The legs, tail and side of the metate are carved with linear/geometric designs. The top is slightly concave. [SM (Verve) 24/06/2015]

Research notes: This object was chosen to feature in a trail around the Pitt Rivers Museum in association with the Museum of English Rural Life on Farming The First 12,000 years (https://merl.reading.ac.uk/explore/online-exhibitions/farming12k/). It featured in a pamphlet with the caption "Milling tools. How is flour produced? Before powered mills, grain was processed by hand. This was normally done daily using groundstone tools, like these examples from Central America. The mortar or bowl is from the Chiriqui Province, Panama, and the muller is probably from Costa Rica. Archaeological and ethnographic evidence shoe that the same tools were used to prepare other foods, dyes, medicines, and even metals. Different milling technologies have emerged globally over time, including the use of wind, water and draught animal power." [FB 5/1/2021]