Ceremonial Palestinian woman's marriage cap fringed front and back with ancient and modern coins, with side flaps and chain also with coins attached.

Place details: ASIA. Palestine / Hebron Hills Bethlehem ?. Local Name: wuqayat al-darahem Materials: Gold Metal / Metal / Wool Yarn Animal / Silk Yarn Animal / Cotton Textile Plant / ?. Processes: Recycled / Stitched / Embroidered / ?. Dimensions: L (excluding chain) = 219 mm W = 186 mm H = 314 mm Diam = 180 mm Field Collector: Charles Warren (Palestine Exploration Fund) When Collected: 1870 Other Owners: Mrs Watkin Williams (also known as C.P.S. Williams) PRM Source: Mrs Watkin Williams (also known as C.P.S. Williams) Acquired: Donated 1952

KEYWORD: Headdress / Headgear / Coin / CLASS: Ceremonial / Currency / Marriage / Clothing Headgear / ?.

Publications history, trails & websites: Illustrated and discussed in detail in 'A Numismatic Curiosity in the Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford', by Anthony Wooton, in Seaby's Coin and Medal Bulletin, no. 498 (November 1959), pp. 399-406 (photocopy in RDF). NB Weir (see below) shows that Wooton mistook the front for the back. [MOB 4/2/2002; CM; JC 23 3 2005]

Illustrated in Plates V (two views, front and back) and IX (from top), listed on pages 101-2, and discussed in detail on pages 102-3 of 'A Bridal Headdress from Southern Palestine', by Shelagh Weir, in Palestine Exploration Quarterly (January-June 1973), pp. 101-109 (photocopy in RDF). [MB; JC 23 3 2005]

Illustrated in colour (two views; front and back) and discussed in detail on page 186 of Palestinian Costume, by Shelagh Weir, London: British Museum Publications, for the Trustees of the British Museum (1989) (photocopy in RDF). Weir argues that the presence of a large number of coins milled in 1844 makes it likely that the headdress was made soon after, hence her date of circa 1845. She also suggests a provenance of 'Hebron hills and their western foothills'. [JC 24 3 2005]

Illustrated in colour as figure 34 on page 37, and discussed on page 38, of Transformations: The Art of Recycling, by Jeremy Coote, Chris Morton, and Julia Nicholson (Oxford: Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford, 2000). [LP 21/6/2000; JC 23 3 2005]

Discussed and illustrated (in a drawing by Marvin Weil) in ‘A Bridal Headdress’, by George Kwaider, in Friends of the Pitt Rivers Museum Newsletter, no. 43 (January 2003), p. 9. [JC 23 1 2003]

A brief account of the headdress is given in an undated entry on the Palestinian collections at the PRM on the 'Palestinian Costume Archive' website at http://www.palestinecostumearchive.org/; consulted 14 December 2005. [JC 14 12 2005]

Illustrated in colour on page 8 of Particularly Ravishing Morsels: Recipes from Around the World Inspired by the Collections, by The Friends of the Pitt Rivers Museum (no place [Oxford], no publisher [Friends of the Pitt Rivers Museum], no date [2007]). It is used to illustrate a recipe for 'Mutabbal' by George Kwaider and is captioned 'Bridal headdress from Southern Palestine, fringed front and back with ancient and modern coins, forming the woman's dowry. 1952.5.86.' [El.B 29/04/2008]

Illustrated in colour on page 254 of 'Ancient Jewish Coins in the Work of William Holman Hunt', by Nicholas Hardwick, The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 150 (no. 1,261, April 2008), pp. 252-5. [JC 8 5 2008]

Illustrated in colour in various editions of Macmillan Education's 'Tiger Tracks' and 'Tiger Time' series (from 2013 onwards), where it illustrates a lesson entitled 'Oxford and Cambridge' with the text 'At the Pitt Rivers Museum, you can see traditional costumes'. [JC 27 7 2016]