Carved piece of wood, tapping stick, pat-ik, used in tattooing. [FB 30/11/2011]

Place details: SE ASIA. Philippines / North Luzon Kalinga Lubuagan Tabuk . Local Name: Pat-ik Materials: Wood Plant / Pigment / Charcoal / ?. Processes: Carved / ?. Dimensions: Max L = 310 mm Maker: Whang-ud Field Collector: Analyn Salvador-Amores When Collected: 2010 Other Owners: Analyn Salvador-Amores PRM Source: Analyn Salvador-Amores Acquired: Donated 3 October 2011 Related Collections: 2011.43

KEYWORD: Tattooing Accessory / Body Art Accessory / CLASS: Body Art / Tool / ?.

Object description: Carved piece of wood, tapping stick, pat-ik, used in tattooing. The stick is used in hand tapping the thorn stick (gisi) into the skin (see 2011.102.1 .1 -2) during traditional Kalinga tattooing. [FB 30/11/2011]

Research notes: The donor of the T-shirt features on the Pitt Rivers Museum's Body Arts web pages. In her documentary Kakau and Batok Talk: Tattoos from Hawaii and the Philippines at the conclusion of her fieldwork in the mountains of northern Luzon in the Philippines, anthropologist Analyn Salvador-Amore filmed an encounter with Hawaiian tattoo practitioner Keone Nunes and a Butbut tattoo practitioner Whang-ud. The conversations reveal a deep connection with traditional tattooing practices from Polynesia to the Philippines.

See: http://web.prm.ox.ac.uk/bodyarts/index.php/multimedia/video/137-kakau-and-batok-talk-tattoos-from-hawaii-and-the-philippines.html to view the documentary. [FC 24/08/2011]

See Dphil Thesis 'Tapping Ink, Tattooing, Tradition and Modernity in Contemporary Kalinga Society, 2011, Analyn Salvador-Amores, p.75 "Gisi (Tattoing instruments)... In many tattooing sessions I observed, the tapping frequency was about 90-120 taps per minute with a continuous tapping of the skin. Whang-ud would stop for a few seconds to replenish the ink at the tip of the thorn. It would take an hour or more to tattoo a design. It takes a day to finish full sleeve tattoos on one arm, and another day for the other arm. The chest and back tattoos of the men is a lengthy process that takes place at different points in their life..." [FB 30/11/2011]

SOAS Journal article 'Batok (traditional tattoos) in diaspora: the rienvention of a globally mediated Kalinga identity', 2011, Analyn Salvador-Amores. [FB 30/11/2011]