Iron hoe blade with wide curved blade and long tapering tang. [SM (Verve) 03/09/2014]

Place details: AFRICA. Uganda / Western Region [Hoima, Kibale, Masindi districts] / Bunyoro-Kitara . Cultural Group: Nyoro: Nkole: Hima: Bahuma Local Name: Unknown. Materials: Iron Metal / ?. Processes: Forged (Metal) / ?. Dimensions: Max L = 390 mm Max W = 187 mm Field Collector: John Roscoe Mackie Ethnological Expedition When Collected: circa 1919 PRM Source: John Roscoe Acquired: Donated 1921

KEYWORD: Agricultural Tool / Hoe / CLASS: Agriculture and Horticulture / Tool / ?.

Research notes: Rev. John Roscoe The Soul of Central Africa, A General Account of The Mackie Ethnological Expedition, London 1922. Balfour Library Reference : Africa 8

Also: Roscoe The Northern Bantu, Cambridge 1915. Balfour Library Africa 8

This object was chosen to feature in a trail around the Pitt Rivers Museum in association with the Museum of English Rural Life on Farming The First 12,000 years (https://merl.reading.ac.uk/explore/online-exhibitions/farming12k/). It featured in a pamphlet with the caption "Hoe blade. Have you ever used a garden hoe? This hoe was made in Western Region, Uganda, before 1919. Tools like these may be used for weeding, digging up root crops, or to prepare soil for planting. Ploughs are often used for preparing land today but in some places are prohibited by cost, scales of production, or unsuitable terrain. Hand tools therefore reman important. Mechanised technologies were imposed on many Ugandan farmers living under colonial rule, even in circumstances where local solutions were more suitable." [FB 5/1/2021]