1971.30.5 .1 1971.30.5 .2 1971.30.5 .3 1971.30.5 .4 1971.30.5 .5 1971.30.5 .6 1971.30.5 .7 1971.30.5 .8 1971.30.5 .9 1971.30.5 .10 1971.30.5 .11 1971.30.5 .12 1971.30.5 .13 1971.30.5 .14 1971.30.5 .15 1971.30.5 .16 1971.30.5 .17 1971.30.5 .18 1971.30.5 .19 1971.30.5 .20 1971.30.5 .21 1971.30.5 .22 1971.30.5 .23 1971.30.5 .24 1971.30.5 .25

Wooden box [.1] with metal hinged lid containing die [.2] & 23 medallions (for excavations) [.3 - .25]. [FB 10/04/2014]

Place details: EUROPE. UK. England Wiltshire. Cultural Group: European English Local Name: Unknown. Materials: Metal / Wood Plant / Brass Metal / ?. Processes: Carved / Forged (Metal) / Stamped / ?. Dimensions: L [box] = 178 mm W [box] = 175 mm H [box] = 65 mm Max Diameter of medals = 35 mm Maker: Unknown Field Collector: Unknown When Collected: By 1971 Other Owners: Augustus Henry Lane Fox Pitt Rivers, Alexander Edward Lane Fox Pitt-Rivers, George Henry Lane Fox Pitt-Rivers, PRM Source: Michael Augustus Lane-Fox Pitt-Rivers and George Anthony Lane-Fox Pitt-Rivers Acquired: Loaned 1971 Documentation: Articles in RDF.Correspondence with P-R family in RDF. [JC 28 3 2012] PRM Image: CD108.2 (Aug 2011)

KEYWORD: Medal / Box / Stamp / Tool / CLASS: Insignia / Box / Tool / ?.

Object description: Wooden box [.1] with metal hinged lid containing die [.2] & 23 medallions (for excavations) [.3 - .25]. The medallions show on one side a pick, a theodolite, a stone battle-axe head, a bronze halberd, a skull and a vase, on the other "Opened by A Pitt Rivers FRS" with a space below for the date to be stamped on it.[FB 10/04/2014]

Accession Book Entry - MICHAEL PITT-RIVERS, Esq. ... TOLLARD ROYAL, WILTS, in conjunction with his brother ANTHONY. Collection of surveying instruments etc, which belonged to General Pitt Rivers. - ENGLAND. Wooden box, with brass lock & key, with pockets especially cut out of the solid base: viz (1) 3 circular, in line, with cut-out spaces between them, (2) a long narrow rectangle in the centre and (3) two larger circles, separate from each other, at the hinge end.

(1) The 3 circles contain 23 examples of the medallion devised by General Pitt Rivers for burying in places where he had excavated when they were covered. On one side are grouped a pick, a theodolite, a stone battle-axe and a bronze halberd, on the other "Opened by A Pitt Rivers FRS" with a space below for the date to be stamped on it with a punch. The rectangle [2] in the middle is empty, so is the left hand upper circle [3] which once contained the die for stamping the legend on the medallion. The right hand circle contains the die for the side showing the groups of objects above described. Dimensions of box: - 17.8 x 17.5 cm. Ht 6.5 cm.

[Geographical] Card Catalogue entry - 1971.30.1-12 Collection of scientific instruments which belonged to General Pitt-Rivers For details see following cards. See also correspondence in file 002.2 for nos 4, and 6-12 see under London Lent by Michael Pitt-Rivers in conjunction with his brother Anthony [filed under Wiltshire]

[Geographical] Card Catalogue Entry - exactly as Accession Book [filed under Wiltshire]

?[Geographical] Card Catalogue Entry - [English archaeology] England Dorset Three bronze medals designed by Sir John Evans in 1880, and used by General Pitt Rivers for placing at the bottom of his excavations to record date of opening One given by H. St. G. Gray, Sept. 1900 Two are in the Balfour library, and one was given to the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford [last part of sentence in red type] Three copies from the same design [1 is 1900.32.3, it is unclear which the others are]

Pitt Rivers Museum label - Key of box 1971.30.5 [FB 10/04/2014]

Pitt Rivers Museum label - Box containing die and medallions used by general Pitt Rivers in his excavation. Lent by Michael & Anthony Pitt-Rivers. [FB 10/04/2014]



Display history: Pitt Rivers Museum label [former display label] - ENGLAND DORSET. Reverse and obverse of a bronze medallion designed by Sir John Evans in 1880. Used by General Pitt Rivers for placing at the bottom of his excavations to record the date of opening. [FB 10/04/2014]

Publications history, trails & websites: See 'Tiles Can Tell Tales Centuries Later', by Alan Ferg, in The Petroglyph: Newsletter of the Arizona Archaeological Society, Vol. XXXIX, no. 8 (April 2003), pp. 1, 3; 'Tiles to Identify Previous Excavations', by Alan Ferg, in Arizona Archaelogical Council Newsletter, Vol. XXVII, no. 1 (spring 2003), pp. 11-12; and 'Testing Tile Technology', by Alan Ferg, in Glyphs: The Monthly Newsletter of the Arizona Archaeological and Historical Society, Vol. LIV, no. 2 (August 2003), pp. 4-5. In each case Ferg provies a brief account of the medallions. In the latter two, he illustrates one. Copies of all three articles and related correspondence in RDF. [JC 12 9 2003]

Illustrated in colour as Figure 11.12 on page 255 of 'Later Prehistoric and Roman Europe', by Joshua Pollard and Dan Hicks, in World Archaeology at the Pitt Rivers Museum: A Characterization, edited by Dan Hicks and Alice Stevenson (Oxford: Archaeopress, 2013), pp. 240-261. Caption (same page): 'Figure 11.12 Unused example of General Pitt-Rivers' 'medalets', which he had specifically crafted for date-stamping and placement in his excavation trenches before back-filling (PRM Accession Number 1971.30.5).'. [MJD 24/06/2014]

Research notes: Wesley Jacobs, Helen Jacobs from the Bullpen, Steve Hurst, sculptor and foundry owner and Daniel Hunt from Kansas State University undertook a research visit on Tuesday 18 October 2011. The following comments were recorded about this object: The medallions look like they are made of copper. Copper is a soft metal to stamp. They may be copper alloy but adding any metal to copper will make it harder. [MJD 24/10/2011]