Polished gold-lip shell. [FC 18/10/2010]
Place details: OCEANIA MELANESIA. Papua New Guinea. New Britain Bismarck Archipelago South-west Coast Kandrian (Moewehafen). Cultural Group: Arawe Local Name: Uklun Materials: Shell / ?. Processes: Polished / Perforated / ?. Dimensions: Max L = 202 mm Max W = 183 mm Field Collector: Beatrice Blackwood When Collected: 30 July 1937 Other Owners: Magnin sold object to Beatrice Blackwood when she was in the field. See Notes below. PRM Source: Beatrice Blackwood Acquired: Donated 1938 Other Numbers: Blackwood ii 1214 Documentation: See RDF for collector's unpublished notes on the Arawe. Related Collections: Photographs, film and papers in PRM Archive. PRM Image: CD108.4 (Aug 2011); Neg A26 F10 3 Collections Digital Reference Photo 18/10/2010
KEYWORD: Token / Shell / CLASS: Currency / Trade / Animalia / ?.
Accession Book Entry - Collection made by MISS BEATRICE BLACKWOOD, in 1936-37 in NEW GUINEA & NEW BRITAIN. & in the United States and in Mexico, 1939.... 1937... From the ARAWE tribe of the MOEWEHAFEN and GASMATA areas, S.-W. coast of NEW BRITAIN. viz.:... - Gold-lip shell, slightly larger than the foregoing one  but without attached ornaments; same data [MOEWEHAFEN, July 1937].
Card Catalogue Entry - There is no further information on the catalogue card. [CK 10 06 1997]
Pitt Rivers Museum label - OCEANIA, MELANESIA, PAPUA NEW GUINEA, NEW BRITAIN, BISMARCK ARCHIPELAGO SOUTH - WEST COAST KANDRIAN (MOEWEHAFEN); ARAWE Gold-lip shell don. Beatrice Blackwood. [FC 18/10/2010]
Written on object - ‘Uklun. Gold-lip shell, used as currency. NEW BRITAIN, July 1937. d.d. B. Blackwood, 1937.’ [CK 10 06 1997]
Related Documents File - Handwritten note: 'CONTENTS. Drawer 1. ARAWE OBJECTS: Musical instruments. 2 gold lip oyster shells - currency. 1 sling. Ornaments, various.' [MOB 10/12/2001]
Related information in PRM Archive - Note in collector’s diary - ‘30th July :uklun:1:gold-lip shell - plain:Magnin:knife’
In collector's typewritten notes on material culture information on size, process and use.
Photographs of previous owner (Magnin) - BB.P.13.263 -.264 BB.P.13.265 -.267 BB.P.13.339 -.341 [CK 10 06 1997]
Display history: Used in Special Exhibition A Rainy Season Among the Arawe - Collecting in Melanesia shown in Balfour Building May 1997 - end of June 1999. [CK 30 06 1999]
Displayed in the exhibition 'Made for Trade' at the Pitt Rivers Museum from the 18th July 2011 - 27th January 2013. Displayed in a desktop case on the theme of 'Exchange and Value'. Displayed with the caption: "Gold lip shell (uklun) Arawe people, New Britain, Papua New Guinea. Gold lip shell is used as currency to trade for goods between coastal and inland people. This shell could have been exchanged for a bark loincloth or a packet of ochre. Collected and donated by Beatrice Blackwood - 1937 - 1938"
Please note that the wrong Accession Number [1938.36.1281] has been printed on the display label. It is definitely this object which is on display. [El.B 26/09/2011]