Cast of a Palaeolithic hand-axe

Place details: EUROPE. UK. [England Suffolk Mid Suffolk Hoxne]. Cultural Group: [Palaeolithic] Local Name: Unknown. Materials: Plaster / ?. Processes: Cast / ?. Weight: 174 g Dimensions: Max L = 151 mm Max W = 80 mm Max Thickness = 39 mm Maker: Unknown Field Collector: [John Frere] When Collected: By 1874? [1797] Other Owners: 1797. Augustus Henry Lane Fox Pitt Rivers. This object was listed in the Delivery Catalogue as having been transferred from South Kensington Museum in 1884. It was probably displayed at Bethnal Green and/ or South Kensington Museum between 1874 - 1884. PRM Source: Augustus Henry Lane Fox Pitt Rivers founding collection Acquired: Donated 1884 Acquired by Pitt-Rivers by 1874? Documentation: See RDF PRM Image: Collections Digital Reference Photo 27/09/2013

KEYWORD: [Tool] / Cast / Reproduction / CLASS: [Tool] / Reproduction / ?.

Object description: Plaster cast of Palaeolithic hand-axe from Hoxne. Pointed axe with mid grey colouration [patina] and areas where the colour has come away. [CG [Excav. PR] 27/09/2013]

?Blue book entry - Flint Drift implements E Counties 937 Tray contg 3 casts of implements in the British Mus (1583) [sic number illegible]

Accession Book VI entry - 1884.122.1 - 597 Stone Implements Palaeolithic Period Flint unless otherwise stated- Dark brown cast of smaller similar [to 1884.122.1] implement found at Hoxne Suffolk in 1797 [Drawing]

Delivery Catalogue II entry - Transition from Drift to Celt type 1 cast of implement (found at Hoxne Suffolk) [Case or screen?] 46 348 349

[Geographical] Card Catalogue Entry - [English archaeology] Suffolk Hoxne Palaeolithic - exactly as Accession Book

Related Documents File - A sheet of paper with handwritten alternative descriptions of a number of objects including this one 'Cast of pointed ovate implement: found at Hoxne Suffolk in 1797 [Drawing]' [another type of catalogue, draft of accession books?] in ES Thomas' handwriting [AP Leverhulme project on founding collection 1995-1998]

Written on object - FOUND AT HOXNE. SUFFOLK. IN 1797. P.R. coll. [CG [Excav. PR] 27/09/2013]

Pre-PRM label [attached to object] - Found at Hoxne Suffolk in 1797 [CG [Excav. PR] 27/09/2013]

Display history: Displayed in Bethnal Green and South Kensington Museums (V&A)[AP Leverhulme project on founding collection 1995-1998]

Publications history, trails & websites: Frere, J. 1800. Account of Flint Weapons Discovered at Hoxne in Suffolk. Archaeologia 13: 204-205. [Dan Hicks 01/07/2013]

Image published as part of an image gallery on the Arts and Humanities Research Board website http://www.ahrc.ac.uk/News-and-Events/Image-Gallery/Pages/ImageObjectText.aspx as part of the project image/object/text. Image with the caption written by Dan Hicks (Lecturer Curator in archaeology, Pitt Rivers Museum) 'This object is a plaster cast of a 400,000-year-old Palaeolithic hand-axe. A label bears the text “FOUND AT HOXNE, SUFFOLK IN 1797”, which is re-written onto the object – a reference to a discovery by John Frere, who published his ‘Account of Flint Weapons Discovered at Hoxne in Suffolk’ in the journal Archaeologia in 1800. The object is one of  ‘3 casts of implements in the British Mus’ that Pitt-Rivers recorded in his collection. It demonstrates the importance to Pitt-Rivers of acquiring casts of museum objects for comparative purposes. The original axe is still held by the British Museum today (Pitt Rivers Museum Accession Number 1884.122.2). ' [FB 15/08/2014]

Research notes: The hand-axe from Hoxne is held by the Society of Antiquaries of London, and is currently on long-term loan to the British Museum. [Dan Hicks 01/07/2013]

This appears to be a cast of one of the two hand-axes found at Hoxne by John Frere in 1797. Another cast of the same object is 1884.125.148. Both casts are not exact replicas of either hand-axes (the original is more pointed and the flake scars are different). Please see http://www.hoxne.net/history/prehistory.html for further information on John Frere and his finds. [CG [Excav. PR] 27/09/2013]