Carved wood figure of a Rhinoceros hornbill [SM 01/12/2008]

Place details: SE ASIA. Malaysia / Sarawak. Cultural Group: Iban Local Name: Panchallong or Tenyalana Materials: Wood Plant / Pigment / ?Gilt Metal / ?Hair / ?Stone / ?. Processes: Carved / Painted / Gilded / Inlaid / Carpentered / ?. Colour: Red, Green, Yellow. Dimensions: Max L = 810 mm Max H = 580 mm Field Collector: Wilfrid Edward Le Gros Clark When Collected: 1923 - 1926 Other Owners: Wilfrid Edward Le Gros Clark PRM Source: Wilfrid Edward Le Gros Clark Acquired: Donated 1970

KEYWORD: Animal Figure / Bird Figure / CLASS: Figure / Ceremonial / ?.

Object description: Carved wood figure of a Rhinoceros hornbill painted red, green, white and yellow and gilded in places. The hornbill carved perched on a bar. One eye is missing, the other is an inlaid red ?stone with dark hair eye lashes. The mouth is slightly open with a red tongue visible. The hornbill is holding a green plant shoot (a Kembaian bean) in its mouth. [SM 01/12/2008]

Publications history, trails & websites: Illustrated (sketch only) on pages 8/9 of Birds and Animals: A Pitt Rivers Museum Colouring Book, by Francia Turner and Julia Cousins (Oxford: Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford, 1986). Caption (same page) reads: 'Hornbill. The Iban were once head hunters in Borneo. In Iban the hornbill is called a kenalang. On special occasions a carbed bird like this is put on a tall pole outside the long house in the village.' [JC 10 9 2004]

Illustrated in colour on page 12 of Pitt Rivers Museum: An Introduction, by Julia Cousins (Oxford: Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford, 2004). Caption (same page) reads: 'Painted wooden figure of a rhinoceros hornbill; from the Iban people of Sarawak, Malaysia. Such figures were set up at festivals and offerings made to them.' [JC 8 10 2004]

A colour image of this object appears as Plate 181 on page 146 of Iban Art: Sexual Selection and Severed Heads. Weaving, Sculpture, Tattooing and Other Arts of the Iban of Borneo, by Michael Heppell, Limbang Anak Melaka and Enyan Anak Usen. The caption reads: 'Saribas kenyalang; 320x580 mm; painted Alstonia spp. Pitt Rivers catalogue acc. no. 1970.17.1.' It is referred to in a paragraph on page 147 as a possible infant hornbill. [MOBB 9/11/2018]

Illustrated in colour on the front cover of The Pitt Rivers Museum: An Introduction (Oxford: Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford, 2009). Caption (on page 22) reads: 'a figure of the rhinoceros hornbill from Malaysia'. [JC 27 8 2009]