Beaded hide skirt with hide tassles. [ZM 10/11/2005]

Place details: AFRICA. Tanzania. Arusha Mbulu. Cultural Group: Iraqw Local Name: Unknown. Materials: Animal Leather Skin / Bead / Iron Metal / ?. Processes: Beadwork / Embroidered / Stitched / ?. Field Collector: Samuel P. Powell When Collected: By 1940 Other Owners: Samuel P. Powell PRM Source: Samuel P. Powell Acquired: Loaned 1940 Documentation: See RDF PRM Image: A23.F8.25; A23.F8.26; Colour Transp.

KEYWORD: Skirt / CLASS: Clothing / ?.

Accession Book Entry [Loans] - Estate of S.P. Powell, c/o N.H. Haslam, Esq Manager, Westminster Bank, Stony Stratford, Bucks. Collected by himself. Data from his labels and notes. Skirt of leather heavily beaded ?M'bulu tribe N Tanganyika Worn by Morumbo

Added Accession Book Entry - This specimen was not labelled but is the only one in the packing case that corresponds to this item on the list

Pitt Rivers Museum rectangular luggage-style paper label - ? M Skirt, worn by MORUMBO M'BULU, N. TANGANYIKA Tribe (not labelled, but is the only object with this section that corresponds to item on list) S.P. Powell. 1940.7.0114 [ZM 10/11/2005]

Publications history, trails & websites: Illustrated in black-and-white as Figure 4 on page 124 of Volume 1 of The Encyclopedia of Africa South of the Sahara, edited by John Middleton (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1997), where it illustrates the entry 'Art: Eastern Africa', by Jeremy Coote (pp. 122-32). See also brief discussion of Iraqw skirts on p. 123. [JC 11 2 1998]

Illustrated in black-and-white as Figure 3 on page 159 of Volume 1 of New Encyclopedia of Africa, edited by John Middleton and Joseph C. Miller (Detroit etc.: Thomson Gale /Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008), where it illustrates the entry 'Art, Regional Styles: Eastern Africa', by Jeremy Coote (pp. 156-166); see also brief discussion of Iraqw skirts on the same page. [JC 9 11 2007]

Research notes: For discussion of Iraqw skirts, bibliography, and illustration of a comparable example in the collection of the Commonwealth Institute, London, see '2.41' (entry on Iraqw skirt), by Jeremy Coote, in Africa: The Art of a Continent, edited by Tom Phillips (London: Royal Academy, 1995), p. 156; also in German in Afrika: Die Kunst eines Kontinents (Berlin: Zeitgeist Gesellschaft, 1996), p. 156; revised as '20: Skirt' in Africa: The Art of a Continent - 100 Works of Power and Beauty (New York: Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, 1996), pp. 65-7. [JC 11 2 1998]

Related Documents File - Appears on undated typed list: "One M'Bulu skirt (N. Tanganyka Tribe) worn by Morumbo". List is annotated by hand on back: "List of Curios" and "Far from complete". Handwritten note: 'Far from complete'. See RDF 1940.7.0114 for correspondence between Margaret Carey and Jeremy Coote regarding the Royal Academy publication and Coote's request for conservation information regarding the coating of the cupreous rings with what is identified to be 'fat the Iraqw used for rubbing into their skin' which Carey recommends removing in order to prolong the life of the skirt. [GI 17/12/2001]