Blackened wooden face mask apparently associated with the Ekpo masquerade. [ZM 04/06/2013]

Place details: W AFRICA. Nigeria / South-east Nigeria Cross River State Aro region. Cultural Group: Ibibio: Local Name: Unknown. Materials: Wood Plant / Pigment / ?. Processes: Carved / Painted? / Stained? / Perforated / ?. Colour: Black Dimensions: Max H = 375 mm Max W = 255 mm Max D = 150 mm Field Collector: W.E. Aston-Smith When Collected: By 1936 Other Owners: W.E. Aston-Smith PRM Source: W.E. Aston-Smith per Marjorie Perham Acquired: Donated February 1936

KEYWORD: Mask / CLASS: Mask / Ritual and Ceremonial / Dance / Religion / ?.

Object description: Wooden mask with holes carved for the eyes. Blackened on the inner and outer surfaces. There is a row of holes around the edge of the mask. [ZM 17/05/2013]

Research notes: According to G.I. Jones, who was a colonial administrator in Nigeria when this object was donated to the Museum, ekpo (as this mask is described in the additional accession book entry) is the Ibibio term for ghost and ghost masquerades (see Jones' discussion of ghost masquerades on pp 66 to 70 of The Art of Eastern Nigeria (Cambridge, 1984) [ZM 25/04/2013]